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## Freight Tutorial - your knowledge base

Air Freight

Air Tutorial

Here we collected an useful information regarding all types of freight transport, as well as the legal framework for customs clearance.

Our experts are always ready to support you with every step and any issues!

What does "chargeable" weight mean?

Let's start with the fact that all airline's freight rates are based on a "chargeable weight". According to the rules of the International Association of Carriers IATA,   "chargeable" weight  is the highest value between volumetric and actual weight.

Physical weight - gross weight, ie the actual weight in kg.
Volumetric weight - a value that indicates the amount of space occupied by cargo on an aircraft (based on 6 000 cubic cm per one kilogram).

How to calculate "chargeable" weight of cargo:

Assume you have the goods: two boxes with tools

Gross weight of each box - 60 kg
Dimensions of each box (LxWxH): 0,40x0,50x0,30cm

Step 1: find total gross (actual) weight of the cargo
The total gross (actual) weigth of the cargo: 60kg * 2 boxes=120kg

Step 2: use formula to calculate volumetric weight of the cargo
LxWxH x Quantity of pieces (in our case there are two places - 2 boxes) / 0.006
Let's calculate:
0.40 * 0.50 * 0.30 * 2=0.12 / 6000=20kg

Step3: compare total gross (actual) and volumetric weights of the cargo. The highest value would be considered as chargeable weight:
120 kg (total gross weight) greater than 20 kg (volumetric weight).
120 kg will be considered as "chargeable weight" on which airfreight rate would be based.
Good to know! If the packaging has cylindrical form (tube, roll, barrel, etc.), the volumetric weight is calculated by the formula:
(Radius * Radius * 3.14 * Height) / 0.006

Aircraft types

Depending on measurements of cargo, nature and weight, your cargo can be transported at passenger or freighter aircraft.
Fleet of cargo aircraft have been operated by such companies as AirBridgeCargo, Lufthansa, Korean Air, Air France and others.

Characteristics of the main types of passenger aircraft:

Characteristics of the main types of freighter aircraft:

ENF TU204-IL96
ENF B767-777F

Airbus A319

Payload: 5 289 kg

Volume: 20,3 m³

Cargo door dimensions (WxH):

Forward: 181x123cm

Aft: 181x123cm

Airbus A320

Payload: 9 435 kg

Volume: 37,4 m³

Cargo door dimensions (WxH):

Forward: 181x123cm

Aft: 181x123cm

Bulk: 95x77cm

Airbus A330-200

Payload: 16 000  kg

Volume: 62 m³

Cargo door dimensions (WxH):

Forward: 244x168cm

Aft: 244x168cm

Bulk: 95x69cm

Airbus A330-300

Payload: 18 000 kg

Volume: 90 m³

Cargo door dimensions (WxH):

Forward: 270x168cm

Aft: 270x168cm

Bulk: 95x62cm

Boeing 737(700/800/900)

5,180 kg/8,409 kg/9,103 kg

Volume:

27.3 m³/44 m³/51.7 m³

Cargo door dimensions (WxH):

Forward: 121x89 cm

Aft: 121x82 cm

Boeing 747

Payload: 53 091 kg

Volume: 204 m³

Cargo door dimensions (WxH):

Forward: 264x168cm

Aft: 264x168cm

Bulk: 119x112cm

Boeing 757 (200/300)

12 065 kg/16 147 kg

Volume:

50.7 m³/67 m³

Cargo door dimensions (WxH):

Forward: 140x108cm

Aft: 140x112cm

Boeing 767-300

Payload: 28 824 kg

Volume: 147 m³

Cargo door dimensions (WxH):

Forward: 178x175cm

Aft: 178x175cm

Bulk: 96x114cm

Boeing 777 (200/300)

Payload: 56 925/76 656 kg
Volume: 196/265 m³

Cargo door dimensions (WxH):

Forward: 269x170cm

Aft: 178x170cm
Bulk: 91x114cm

Airbus A300 B4F

Payload: 44 000 kg
Volume: 335 m3

Cargo door dimensions (WxH):

Main: 358x256cm

Forward: 243x170cm

Aft: 181x170cm

Bulk: 95X108cm

Airbus A300-600F

Payload: 48 000 kg
Volume: 340 m3

Cargo door dimensions (WxH):

Main: 358x256cm

Forward: 245x170cm

Aft: 245x170cm

Bulk: 95X108cm

Airbus A330-200F

Payload: 70 000 kg
Volume: 475 m3

Cargo door dimensions (WxH):

Main: 358x257cm

Forward: 270x170cm

Aft: 273x168cm

Bulk: 95x95cm

Boeing 737-300F

Volume: 130 m3

Cargo door dimensions (WxH):

Main: 340x219cm

Forward: 130x122cm

Aft: 122x122cm

Boeing 747-200/400F

Payload: 103 000kg/120 000kg
Volume: 736 m3/779 m3

Cargo door dimensions (WxH):

Nose: 356x249cm

Forward: 264X168cm

Aft: 264x168cm

Main: 340x305cm

Bulk: 112x119cm

Boeing 747-8

Volume: 858 m3

Cargo door dimensions (WxH):

Nose: 264x249cm

Forward: 264X168cm

Aft: 264x168cm

Main: 341x305cm

Bulk: 112x119cm

Boeing 757-200F

Volume: 187 m3

Cargo door dimensions (WxH):

Main: 340x218cm

Forward: 140x112cm

Aft: 140x112cm

Boeing 767-300F

Volume: 438 m3

Cargo door dimensions (WxH):

Main: 340x261cm

Forward: 340x170cm

Aft: 340x170cm

Bulk: 97x114cm

Boeing 777F

Volume: 653 m3

Cargo door dimensions (WxH):

Main: 372x315cm

Forward: 269x170cm

Aft: 269x170cm

Bulk: 90x121cm

Tupolev 204C

Volume: 170 m3

Cargo door dimensions (WxH):

Main: 340x182cm

Forward: 135x116cm

Aft: 135x116cm

Ilyushin IL96

Payload: 92 000 kg
Volume: 580 m3

Cargo door dimensions (WxH):

Main: 485x287cm

Lower deck A: 269x184cm

Lower deck A: 269x173cm

Ilyushin IL76

Payload: 46 000 kg
Volume: 240 m3

Cargo door dimensions (WxH):

Main Cabine: 340x330cm

Antonov AN124-100

Payload: 120 000 kg
Volume: 1040 m3

Cargo door dimensions (WxH):

Main: 640x440cm

Aft: 640x440cm

EN-A319-320
EN A330-200-300
EN B737-747
EN B757-767
EN B777-A300B4F
ENF A300-600-200F
ENF B737-747
ENF B747-8-757-200F
ENF IL76-AN124

Air cargo pallets and containers specification

## 10ft AMJ Container

### Inner dimensions: 306 x 230 x 240 cm MAX weight: 6804 kg Aircraft type: A300F, B747-200F, B747-200SF, B747-400ERF, B767-300F, MD11

Sea Tutorial

Sea Freight

Glossary

B/L BILL OF LADING

Legal document representing ownership of cargo, evidencing  a contract of carriage by sea and also negotiable document to receive cargo.

Shipper is responsible for shipping details stated in B/L

CY

Container Yard.

Place located at port terminal area for storing, receiving, delivering containers before / after their further shipment.

СОС

Carrier Owned Container

SOC

Shipper Owned Container

STUFFING

The loading of cargo into a container.

BREAK BULK

Non-containerized cargo. Loose cement, grains,

ores, etc., are termed bulk cargo, whereas cargo shipped as a

unit (bags, bales, barrels, boxes, cartons, drums, pallets, sacks,

vehicles, etc.) is termed break bulk.

FEEDER VESSEL

Vessel used for local or short sea routes for transportation of cargo between ports which are not serviced by the main ocean vessels.

POD

Port of delivery

POL

BAF ("Bunker adjustment factor")

A fuel surcharge expressed as a percentage added or subtracted from the freight amount, reflecting the movement in the market place price for bunkers.

ОТНС

Origin terminal handling charges

DTHC

Destination terminal handling charges

DROP-OFF CHARGE

Charge made by container owner and/or terminal operators for delivery of a leased, or pool container into depot stock. The dropoff charge may be a combination of actual handling and storage charges with surcharges.

DEMURRAGE

Extra charge paid for failure to load or remove goods from container yard within allowed/free time period.

FREIGHT COLLECT

Freight and charges be paid by the consignee

FREIGHT PREPAID

Freight and charges to be paid by the shipper.

CAF

Currency Adjustment Factor - depended to fluctuations in exchange rates of tariff currencies, affect on shipping lines freight rates

ISPS OR SEC

Security charges

FCL

LCL

GENERAL CARGO

Cargo, cosisting of goods, packed in crates,

bags, packed as looses boxes or palletized.

FIFO (free in free out)/FIOS

Sea freight tariff includes sea/ocean shipment only.

Loading and discharging costs excluded from the tariff.

FILO (free in liner out)

Sea freight tariff includes sea/ocean shipment to the port of destination and discharging costs.

LIFO (liner in free out)

Sea freight tariff includes loading costs and sea/ocean shipment to the port of destination.

Discharging costs excluded from the tariff.

LILO (liner in liner out)

Sea freight tariff includes loading costs, sea/ocean shipment to the port of destination, discharging costs.

Containers specification

Customs Tutorial

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